The Waste Framework Directive (WFD) sets the basic concepts and definitions on waste management, including definitions of waste, recycling and recovery. It obliges the EU Member States (MS) to separately collect textile waste as of 2025. It also encourages MS to use Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) schemes and regulates other important aspects such as when certain waste ceases to be waste and becomes a product, or a secondary raw material (end-of-waste criteria).
The revision of the WFD is expected at the end of June, and include mandatory and harmonised EPR high-level rules for textiles. Based on the negotiation outcome the revision may be completed by 2024. The Joint Research Centre is preparing data to set reuse and recycling targets, while changes to the end-of-waste criteria may be expected in the coming years.